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Jewry: Fake and truth in the Old Testament (OT) according to documents and excavations

New identity by new Jewish history by help of chronology and archaeological research

20. Faked split of a Jewish Reich in an alleged Israel (northern Reich) and Judah (southern Reich)

by Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)



from: Israel Finkelstein / Neil A. Silberman: The Bible unearthed. Archeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts; The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2001; German edition has got the title "No trombones before Jericho" (orig. German: "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho"): edition C.H.Beck oHG, Munich 2002;

Here in this analysis is used the German version "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho" of DTV, Munich 2004, second edition of 2005. All page indications refer to the German version. I hope the page numbers are not very different.

There were a northern and a southern religion - but never as a political unity - and by this there was no split either

In the books of OT history of both kingdoms is [in a tendentious way] mixed (p.35), and the "scholars" believe a long time in these OT stories (p.169), [partially until today (2010)].

King Rehobeam is said having discriminated the northern tribes so they split from him

OT claims:

The alleged northern tribes are said having split from the son of Solomon, Rehobeam, because of tax claims (p.167):

-- the son of Solomon, Rehobeam, is said having discriminated the northern tribes even more with taxes and military services (1st King 12,16), then the minister of Rehobeam is said having been stoned to death and Rehobeam is said having fled to Jerusalem (p.169)

-- the northern tribes are said having proclaimed Jerobeam as their own king having provoked a split by this (p.169)

-- the newly proclaimed king of the northern tribes, Jerobeam, is said having defined Thirza as a new capital and having ordered a new cult with two calves against the cult of the temple of Jerusalem, whereas the golden calves are said having been installed at the outer posts of the alleged northern Reich: at Dan in the North, and at Bethel in the South (p.169)

-- then there is said having developed split and hatred by 200 years and there is said that both kingdoms had attacked each other (p.167), with rivalries and struggle of dynasties against the alleged "house David" in the South (p.167)

-- generally the kings of the northern Reich Israel are described in the outdated Bible as stubborn sinners, and the kings of the southern Reich are committing only little sin (p.21)

-- according to OT idolatry and violence in the northern Reich was normal, with alleged counter temples and with new cult centers against the alleges temple of Jerusalem of Solomon (p.167)

-- according to OT the altar sites of Abraham in the northern Reich, Bethel and Sichem, are polluted by the Israelite kings by idolatry (p.57).

The documents about the northern and the southern region

The texts about the two regions are texts from Egypt with condemnations and curses. These texts are written on figurines of war prisoners found in graves. The figurines were found in a broken condition. By this the enemies of Egypt should be brought bad luck, with sorcery as it is applies with Woodoo puppets (p.173).

There are mentioned the Canaanite sites which were considered a danger for Egypt, and there are described the social structures of Jewish life. From the mountain region only Sichem and Jerusalem are mentioned (p.173).
Broken figurine with a text with
vergrössern Broken figurine with a text with condemnations

Archeology knows a northern religion and a southern religion

There was never a political unity, and by this there cannot have been a split either

The frontier between the northern Reich and the southern Reich prescribed in OT corresponds more or less to the traditional and natural frontier of the settlement area in the region. The Bible propaganda of OT is defining the natural frontiers of the differently developed regions to political frontiers (p.171).

northern Reich: The northern area is developing to a rich, cosmopolitan and powerful Reich in the region (p.35), and that's because the traffic routes to the East are relatively simple to handle (p.175) and also because of the agriculture which is well to handle on the West slopes which are not too steep and in the valleys (p.176)

southern Reich: The traffic ways to the East are steep with much height difference and with the Dead Sea between it and by this the traffic can hardly be executed (p.175), and the cleft valleys and the desert steps are hardly fertile, so there cannot be any economic growth with that (p.176). southern Reich is isolating itself with a hight tradition for the temple and royal dynasty (p.35).

There was never a political split because both territories never had a common policy and never formed a common state (p.167-168). Both city states incorporate different culture and identity (p.35).

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Photo sources

-- figurine: David Rohl: Pharaohs and prophets (orig. German: Pharaonen und Propheten), 1999, p.409