Jewry 37. Since 586 B.C.: first time of Yehud province - Edomites reducing Yehud

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Jewry: Fake and truth in the Old Testament (OT) according to documents and excavations

New identity by new Jewish history by help of chronology and archaeological research

37. Since 586 B.C.: first time of Yehud province - Edomites reducing Yehud

by Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)



from: Israel Finkelstein / Neil A. Silberman: The Bible unearthed. Archeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts; The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2001; German edition has got the title "No trombones before Jericho" (orig. German: "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho"): edition C.H.Beck oHG, Munich 2002;

From the German version "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho" of DTV, Munich 2004, second edition of 2005. All page indications refer to the German version. I hope the page numbers are not very different.

OT claims that Governor Gedalyah was murdered and there had been a mass flight to Egypt

OT claims:

-- in the ruins of Jerusalem is said having been performed further cult actions (Jeremiah 41,5) (p.328)

-- the governor of Mizpah, Gedalyah, is said having aimed for a collaboration with the new leadership of Babylonia

-- governor Gedalyah and other Judean officials and representatives of Babylonia are said having been killed by Ismael, the son of Netanyah (p.318)

according to Finkelstein / Silberman eventually because of the collaboration which had been felt as a threat for the "house of David", or by other reasons (p.318)

-- the staying population of Yehud province is said having taken a mass flight to Egypt by their fear from a new Babylonian invasion, and in this mass flight is said having been also Jeremiah (p.318), resp. "all people" is said having fled to Egypt (p.327)

-- by this the "holy land" is said having been without any population for some time (2d book of Kings 25,22-26; Jeremiah 40,7 - 43,7) (p.318-319).

But archeology is telling other things about Yehud province

-- according to Finkelstein / Silberman Yehud province consists of about 55,000 inhabitants yet (p.328) and is not at all completely destroyed as it is described in the OT (p.329).

[By this the population of Yehud corresponds to that one of Lugano or Cuxhaven in 2005].

The continuity of the rural population: The excavation of Bethel and of Gibeon and later also of southern Jerusalem confirm that the region was populated without interruption and that there had been no deportation of the rural population (p.329). The life of the population is living on in the few preserved towns as for example the town of Mizpah 12 km in the North of Jerusalem (p.328).

Policy of autonomy: Babylon introduces a policy of autonomy tolerating native cults supporting the loyalty of Babylon (p.330).

Settlement of Edomites and new "Idumea" in the South: After the destruction of Jerusalem southern Yehud province is populated by Edomites settling in the bay of Beersheba and in the highlands of Hebron. After some time the region is known as "Idumea", the "land of the Edomites". In fact Yehud province has become more little yet by this and southern borderline is moving to the North to Jerusalem (p.334).

What archeology is telling about Jerusalem
-- in Jerusalem the grave caves from deportees are cared on by their families (p.328)
-- the suburbs on the hills in western Jerusalem existing at least since king Hezekiah are stay without population (p.328)
-- the land in the North and in the South of Jerusalem always is populated without deportations (p.328)
-- in the preserved town of Mizpah a certain self administration is going on (p.328-329). Mizpah is the most important regional center of Yehud province in 6th century B.C. (p.329).

Egypt: Extension of the Arab population to the Nile Delta

Since the 6th century the Arab population is invading into the Nile Delta and is taking over the power there in the 5th century B.C. (p.80).

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