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Jewry: Fake and truth in the Old Testament (OT) according to documents and excavations

New identity by new Jewish history by help of chronology and archaeological research

40. Adaption of "Holy Book" after the ruin of Judah

by Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)



from: Israel Finkelstein / Neil A. Silberman: The Bible unearthed. Archeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts; The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2001; German edition has got the title "No trombones before Jericho" (orig. German: "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho"): edition C.H.Beck oHG, Munich 2002;

Here in this analysis is used the German version "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho" of DTV, Munich 2004, second edition of 2005. All page indications refer to the German version. I hope the page numbers are not very different.

Now the theologists of the "1 god theology" have to justify themselves and are writing their books again

The theological mystic challenge for the "1 god movement" is tremendous:

-- the prophecy for a big Jewish Empire has not been fulfilled (p.335)

-- the priests have to justify the destruction of Jerusalem (p.332)

-- add to this there is the question why the allegedly pious king Josiah has not succeeded saving Jerusalem (p.325)

-- so, for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah there have to be invented new theological manipulations because the eternal hope for a "holy land" has finished now also for Judah (p.325)

-- the community in Yehud province has to be unified around the temple
-- the priests have to have a new hope for a better future
-- Yehud province has to arrange their new relationships with it's neighbors in the North and in the South
-- ant inner problems have to be solved

-- the priests have to find an explanation why a big part of the allegedly "promised land" is occupied by other populations (p.332)

-- so, the claims for neighboring land don't stop [and the enmity against the neighbors is only logic by this]

-- and the priests have to find a new justification why the books should have a value despite of the disaster with the destruction of Jerusalem (p.333)

[instead of abrogating them].

So, the priests are writing new completing texts, and these new completing texts are called the "Priestly Sources" (P).

The new version of the Pentateuch about the invented Moses and the destroyed Judah

The literary master work, the folks epos of the end of the 7th century B.C. is revised into a world's book as an anchor for the world's population (p.12). The 5 books of Moses find their final version "during the time after the exile" (p.24) with the definite text (p.332).

Bible scholar Richard Friedman means that Ezra himself had made the last revision of Pentateuch because he names himself as "priest and mandatee for the law of God and of Heaven" (Ezra 7,12) (p.332).

The priests are editing many invented stories adding them to the Pentateuch (p.335).

The creation of a second version of the Deuteronomistic History - the whole population shall be responsible

Writing the new Priestly Sources (P) there are written more parts of the "holy books":

-- the book of Jeremiah is edited describing the life after the destruction of Judah (p.317)

-- the book of Ezekiel is edited about the ban and the hopes in Babylonia

-- the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai and Zechariah are edited about the return from the ban (p.317)

-- there is a supplement of the book of Chronicles edited with the depiction of history since Josiah until the ruin of the kingdom of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar (p.324) with Josiah's death

-- there are texts about the last four kings of Jerusalem edited

-- there texts edited about the destruction of Jerusalem, about the ban, with the explanation why the destruction of Jerusalem had been inevitable (p.325) (2d book of Kings 23,26 to 25,21) (p.325).

There are more supplements of another writer:

-- the prophecy which is said having given to David is completed with a new condition (1st book of Kings 2,4; 8,25; 9,4-9) (p.325)

-- there are indications of a bad prophecy added indicating a destruction of Jerusalem (e.g. in 2d book of Kings 20,17-18), (p.325)

-- king Manasseh is made responsible for it because since the destruction of Judah there is a new "measure tape" for Jerusalem (2d book of Kings, 21,10-15) (p.325)

-- there is a new invention that justice of king of Josiah had provoked inevitably the destruction of Jerusalem only delaying the destruction, and there had never been the promise of a salvation, because the women prophet Hulda is said having claimed that Jerusalem should be a damn for all and misery will come over the site, but king Josiah would not see this any more (2d book of Kings 22,18-20) (p.326)

-- the responsibles for the behavior of God is suddenly not dependent on the king, but on every inhabitant if Jerusalem will be destroyed or not: The alliance between the dynasty of David and God is replaced now by an alliance between the population and God [see: "book of alliance"] (p.326)

-- the sequestrated king of Jeconiah in Babylonia is said having been dismissed and having had a good life with king Amel-Marduk of Babel (2d book of Kings 25,27-30) (p.325, 326)

-- since this moment a new prophecy is given: When the population is keeping their loyalty to God, so the prophecy which had been given to David [founding of a kingdom] could be revived (p.327).

And there is also a new "book of Chronicle"

The "book of Chronicle" reflects the ideology and the need of the temple in Jerusalem in the Yehud province, partly with a revised historical story with the contents of the books of Kings (p.25).

This new "book of Chronicle" is written in the 5th or 4th century B.C., some 100 years after the events that are described. It's a unilateral description in favor of the historical and political claims of the Davidic dynasty and of Jerusalem, and the North is hardly mentioned (p.25).

New prophet books of Haggai and Zechariah
According to Finkelstein / Silberman the new prophet books of Haggai and Zechariah are written in destroyed Judah (p.328).

And there are texts against "Idumea" with new geographical indications

The priests don't want to accept the new region of the Edomites ("Idumea") and don't want to accept the new borderline of Yehud province in the South which was shifted to the North. So they begin a new propaganda war against Edomites:

-- now the priests claim that the patriarchs of Jewry would be buried in the cave in Hebron provoking that with this claim there is a mental Jewish occupation of this region

-- and the Israelites are generally presented as more civilized than all neighboring peoples: So, the origin of invented patriarch Abraham is said to be in the town of Ur (Genesis 11,28; 11,31). Ur in these times is the host of scholarship and indicating the origin of birth in Ur is rising the reputation (p.334).

Documents speak: Just in the middle of the 6th century B.C. the town of Ur is revived as a religious center by the Babylonian or Chaldean king Nabonidus (p.334-335).

The new false identity with the new faked "holy books"

These "holy books" are simulating to give an identity to the Jewish population in the tiny Yehud province, and it's proved that this identity is a fake. The priests are "unifying" the population by their manipulations and invented books (p.335).

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