from: Israel Finkelstein / Neil A. Silberman:
The Bible unearthed. Archeology's New Vision of Ancient
Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts; The Free
Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2001;
German edition has got the title "No trombones before
Jericho" (orig. German: "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho"):
edition C.H.Beck oHG, Munich 2002;
Here in this analysis is used the German version "Keine
Posaunen vor Jericho" of DTV, Munich 2004, second
edition of 2005. All page indications refer to the
German version. I hope the page numbers are not very
OT claims an alleged finishing of a new temple in
Serubbabel is said having finished the new temple
complex together with priest Jehoshuah 516 B.C., and
Serubbabel is said having his origin from house of David
and is said having awoken new hopes (Haggai 2,20-23)
OT claims an alleged "black period" for Jerusalem
until Ezra was coming
until 458 B.C.
Until the arrival of the scholar Ezra - until presumably
458 B.C. - there is said having been a "black period" in
Jerusalem with a religious tolerance of other beliefs of
the neighboring states and with the tolerance of mixed
presumably 458 B.C.
Arrival of the scholar Ezra in Jerusalem -
prohibition of mixed marriages - expulsion of "foreign
women" - absolute racism in Orthodox Jewry
-- Ezra, a member of the family of the high priest
Aaron, is said having come from Persia to Jerusalem
-- Ezra is said having been a loyal man to Moses (Ezra
-- with Ezra another group of banned is said having been
permitted to return
-- Ezra is said having received the order from king
Artaxerxes to make investigations about Judah and
-- Ezra is said having been financed by Persia and is
said having had also judicial power
-- Ezra is said having stated the wrong kinds of
believes and "atrocities", also mixed marriages and free
mix of the population
-- Ezra is said having united all male returnees of the
alleged tribal territories of Judah and Benjamin before
the temple in Jerusalem, then Ezra is said having
reproached disloyalty to God by mixed marriages with
-- Ezra is said having claimed that the mixed marriages
are said having enhanced the "guilty of Israel"
-- Ezra is said having claimed that the men should expel
all their foreign women, and the listening men are said
having agreed all, and they are said having expelled
their foreign women (p.321).
[This is an absolute Jewish religious racism which is
free to have in the book shops until today and partially
is practices until today yet - but also Muslims and
Christians are partly racist in this kind, it's a
It seems strange that the scholar Ezra never speaks any
more since this speech. There are no documents mentioned
with this by Finkelstein / Silberman (p.321).
Nehemiah's return to Jerusalem
-- he is said having been a high court official in
Persia and is said having heard of the wrong tolerance
-- the king of Persia is said having permitted the
return proclaiming him a governor (p.322).
The alleged construction of a new town wall in
Jerusalem under Nehemiah
-- after the arrival in Jerusalem in 445 B.C. Nehemiah
is said having called for the construction of a new town
-- the elite in the ex northern kingdom of Israel in
Samaria and Ammon and the Arabs in the South are said
having denounced Nehemiah that he wanted provoke a
rebellion by the construction of the wall, and by this
the enemies of the wall are said having prepared an
-- but the wall is said having been finished despite of
all threats (p.322).
The alleged warning for social justice by Nehemiah -
prohibition of mixed marriages
-- Nehemiah is said having blamed the economy of
-- Nehemiah is said having claimed for the return of
land to the poor
-- Nehemiah is said having prohibited marriages with
foreign women (p.322)
[and also he is stating a religious racism again].
Orthodoxy in Jewry against mixed marriages
The prescription of the prohibition of mixed marriages
is clearly headed against the neighbor states and is the
clear [racist] base for Jewry (p.322).
[This Jewish marriage law in the Bible is violating any
anti racism law. But selling the Bible is well possible
until today. The same thing is in Islam prohibiting
mixed marriages, until today absolutely legal...]
Ptolemy rule in Yehud province
Yehud province comes under the rule of the
Greek Ptolemies kings governing in Egypt.
about 300 B.C.
Report of the Greek writer Hecataeus from Abdera
about Jewish law
Hecataeus reports about the Jewish tradition
which has a certain Moses at it's base, with customs of
priesthood and with social law according to Deuteronomy
The false prophecy is going on
The myth of Moses with the end of the destruction of
Jerusalem is known now in the whole Mediterranean, with
all the laws and the statehood without king (p.336).
There follow first translations into the Greek language.
This translation is necessary "unifying" the scattered
Jews by the book. Since the dispersal the "holy books"
are spreading the [wrong] Jewish identity world wide
(p.336-337). With this is also spread the hope of a
Jewish Empire without foreigners [without any real
Reign of the Seleucids in Judah
This is a Syrian government [web01].
70 after Christ
Rome: Destruction of
the temple and deportation
A part of the Jews is sold on the Roman slave market.
Another part survives in the diaspora. The books of
Moses and the Deuteronomistic History are becoming a
symbol for the solidarity of the Jews.
Wrong Jerusalem pictures in Europe in the Middle Ages
Jerusalem is painted in Europe with European town walls
and with towers with merlons giving a more powerful
impression of Jerusalem than it really was in fact
[Merlons on town walls and fortress walls are an Arab
invention and are present only by Arab occupation since
700 after Christ appr.]