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Yehuda Bauer: My Brother's Keeper

A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1929-1939

[Holocaust preparations in Europe and resistance without solution of the situation]

The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia 1974

Transcription with subtitles by Michael Palomino (2007)



Chapter 3. Germany: 1933-1938

[3.4. Number of Jews in Germany in 1933: 499,682 - with 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 Jews:  760,000]

[The number of Jews in Germany: Officially 499,682 - plus 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 Jews - are 760,000]

The total number of Jews in Germany in 1933 was officially listed as 499,682. However, this included only people who had declared themselves as Jews by religion. Additional tens of thousands of people were Jewish by Nazi definition.

There were 50,000 individuals who were sons and daughters of Jewish parents but did not belong to the Jewish community living in Germany at that time, an estimated 35,000 of whom were partners in mixed marriages.

So-called three-quarter Jews (that is, people who had only one non-Jewish grandparent but did not belong to the Jewish community) numbered about 2,000.

Half Jews (that is, people who had two non-Jewish grandparents) were estimated at 210,000 people,

and quarter Jews were estimated at 80,000 individuals.

This meant that what the Nazis considered to be the non-Aryan population of Germany - that is, Jews, three-quarter Jews, and half Jews - numbered together about 760,000 people. (p.114)

(End note 18: Lutz Eugen Reutter: Die Hilfstätigkeit katholischer Organisationen und kirchlicher Stellen für die im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland Verfolgten, 2d Edition Hamburg 1970, p.9)