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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Zionism 7: Dominating Zionism in Palestine 1945-1948

Zionist pressure with shipped Jews - partition plans for Palestine against the Arabs
from: History; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8

presented by Michael Palomino (2007)

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[Zionist pressure for a "Jewish state" - British are coward and nobody wants the middle course]

<PRELUDE TO INDEPENDENCE.

The Jews had been ready in 1937 to accept in principle the proposition of the Peel Commission of inquiry for the partition of Erez Israel, though not all the details of the plan.

[[Arabs never accept a partition of Palestine but are not asked...]]

In 1942, at a conference in the United States, the *Biltmore Program was accepted by the Zionist organization which set forth clearly the goal of the creation of a Jewish state. Now even the most pro-British elements among the Zionists began to waver in their loyalty to the mandatory power.

Other commissions were sent to Erez Israel, searches for arms were made by the British in Jewish settlements (see *Yagur), there were arrests, and hints were frequently [[...]] that the  British might leave the Jews to their fate (col. 769)

withdrawing their protection and leaving them on their own to face the Arabs.

[1946: Zionist pressure with DPs shipped to Palestine with "US" support - British resistance - Zionist pressure with a bomb attack against Kind David Hotel with many dead government officials]

A mixed Anglo-American committee of inquiry proposed in April 1946 the immediate entry of 100,000 Jews mainly from the "*displaced persons" camps in Europe to Erez Israel. The U.S. president, Harry S. *Truman, supported this recommendation; the British prime minister, Clement *Attlee, refused it by attaching a condition requiring disbandment of the Jewish illegal armed organization and handing in of their weapons.

The struggle continued. From the end of 1945 the Haganah also took part in actions against the British. When in 1946 the British arrested the leaders of the yishuv,

[[the Zionist leaders are arrested, the non-Zionist leaders are never mentioned in Encyclopaedia Judaica]]

the I.Z.L. reacted by organizing the mining of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem where many government officials were killed.

[1947: British block of Exodus - partition plans against the Arabs]

The fate of the ship Exodus in 1947 aroused world opinion against the British government. The British then at first proposed the "Morrison Plan for Partition", which was rejected by both Jews and Arabs. In April 1947, Ernest Bevin carried out his threat and turned to the United Nations, withdrawing from the sole British responsibility for Erez Israel. The Jews refused to be frightened. to the surprise of many, the Soviet government joined that of the United States in supporting partition and the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.

On Nov. 29, 1947, the *United Nations General Assembly adopted, by a majority of 33 votes against 13, a resolution on the partition of Palestine. The actual plan was very disadvantageous to the Jews, but the Arabs immediately proclaimed war against it. The Jews had to prepare for this war clandestinely; the Arabs had the support of their states and the sympathy of the British government to help them in their preparations.> (col. 770)
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Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History,
                              vol. 8, col. 769-770
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History, vol. 8, col. 769-770


[[It seems strange that the racist Herzl book "The Jewish State" which claims that all Arabs should be driven away is never discussed. It's strange that Encyclopaedia Judaica never mentions the non-Zionists which don't want any Jewish state. And also the Arabs are not discussing about the Herzl book and about middle course solutions, but they are directly declaring war. By this the non-Zionists are driven into the hands of the warrior Zionists. Both sides - Jews and Arabs - are not seeing any solution with Human Rights]].

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