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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Racist Zionist Bilu "pioneer" movement since 1881 - racist Zionist Bilu village Gederah 1884

Pogroms in Russia of 1881 provoking racist Zionist Davio and Bilu "pioneer" movement for Palestine - Kharkov - war declaration against the Arabs - Odessa - split into political and emigration Bilu group - support by Netter and Pines - further emigration to criminal racist "USA" or back to Russia - foundation of Gederah in 1884

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist
                          Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 1000: Emblem of
                          Bilu with the general war declaration against
                          all Arabs
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 1000:
Emblem of Bilu with the general war declaration against all Arabs

The stamp of the Bilu organization. [[Latin text: "Concordia Parvae Res Crescunt", means: "The community will grow from a little spot"]] . The Hebrew text is: "The smallest shall become a thousand, and the least a mighty nation" (Isa. 60:22). Tel Aviv, Raphaeli Collection.

[[This is a clear war declarance against all Arabs, with the 1st Mose chapter 15 phrase 18 in the background, telling that a "Greater Israel" will be from Nile to Euphrates. The symbol of shake hands is the symbol of two racist Zionist Jewish hands, headed against the Arabs. The Arabs know about this Zionist Jewish madness, and many anti-Zionists cannot accept this racist Zionist madness either to set up a war against all Arabs. But the racist Zionist Jewish Bilu members went on with their war phantasies...]].

from: Bilu; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 4

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)

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[[Introduction
Racist Zionist madness - with the idea that all Jews had to live in Palestine - was stipulated after the pogroms in Russia when the racist "Christian" czar was murdered in 1881 and the racist "Christians" blamed the Jews for it in general. The main enemy of Jewry, "Christianity", is never mentioned in racist Zionism, but the solution should be an emigration wave against the Arabs in Palestine. Later this Zionist madness developed Jewish racist Zionists and warmongers, called "Zionists" with it's racist Herzl booklet "The Jewish State". The Bilu movement was the first racist Zionist "pioneer" movement which applied systematically racist Jewish settlements in Palestine. "Pioneers" can be turned into soldiers easily...]].

["Reawakening of the "Jewish spirit" by the pogroms of 1881 - the first racist Zionist "pioneers" of Bilu]

<BILU (Hebrew initials of Beit Ya'akov Lekhu ve-Nelkhah; "House of Jacob, come ye and let us go", Isa. 2:5), an organized group of young Russian Jews who pioneered the modern return to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. Bilu was a reaction to the 1881 pogroms in southern Russia, when the ideology of Jewish nationalism began to replace that of assimilation, which was prevalent among the youth. At first not linked with any particular country, the Bilu ideology soon came to mean a return to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. One of the first Bilu'im, Hayyim (Ḥayyim) *Hisin, testified:

"The recent pogroms have violently awakened the complacent Jews from their sweet slumbers. Until now, I was uninterested in my origin. I saw myself as a faithful son of Russia, which was to me my raison d'être and the very air I breathed. Each new discovery by a Russian scientist, every classical literary work, every victory of the Russian kingdom would fill my heart with pride. I wanted to devote my whole strength to the good of my homeland, and happily to do my duty, and suddenly they come and show us the door, and openly declare that we are free to leave for the West." (col. 998)

The reawakening of the [[racist]] Jewish spirit coincided with the increasing waves of emigrants and fugitives leaving Russia as a result of the pogroms. Jewish leaders devised various solutions, one of which was settlement of Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]], but most of the emigrants were attracted to the [[criminal racist]] United States. Although a thin stream of settlers flowed to Erez Israel, anticipating the Bilu group by a few months, Bilu was the first organized group of pioneers to go there. Lacking financial resources, they desired only to work, and especially, to work the land.

[[The Arabs are not asked, and the Arabs are not mentioned...]]

Founding of Bilu

[Pogrom fast and founding of "Davio" on 21 January 1882, then renamed "Bilu" - headquarters in Kharkov]

Bilu was initiated when a fast [[time without eating]] was held by the Jewish communities in Russia on Jan. 21, 1882, as a result of the pogroms. Israel Belkind, then a student, invited a group of young Kharkov Jews to his home to discuss the state of Russian Jewry. Unlike the *Am Olam Group, which was organized for the purpose of emigration to the U.S., Belkind's group decided to settle in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. It first called itself Davio, Hebrew initials for Dabber el Benei Yisrael ve-Yissa'u ("Speak unto the Children of Israel that they go forward", Ex. 14:15), but later changed the name to Bilu for, according to Belkind, "instead of advising the people to go to Erez Israel, we decided to go there ourselves."

Founded with only a handful of members, Bilu rapidly increased its membership to over 500 as a result of effective recruitment campaigns, though only a few were ready to leave for Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]]. Kharkov became the Bilu headquarters, and Belkind its leader.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]]
                Bilu, vol. 4, col. 999: The first version of the
                regulations of the Bilu organization, written in French.
                Jerusalem, Central [[racist]] Zionist Archives.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 999: The first version of the regulations of the
Bilu organization, written in French. Jerusalem, Central [[racist]] Zionist Archives.


[Racist Zionist ideology of Bilu - war declaration against the Arabs in Palestine]

Bilu ideology was expressed in different and even contradictory ways. Of the many statutes formulated by the group, one defined the aim as the creation of "a political center for the Jewish people", while another stated that the society pursues "an economic and national-spiritual aim" for the Jewish people "in Syria (col. 999)

and Palestine."

[[The Arabs are not asked. The Arabs soon know what means racist Zionism when the Jewish invasion does not stop...]]

Ze'ev *Dubnow, a member of Bilu, wrote:

"The aim of our journey is rich in plans. We want to conquer Palestine and return to the Jews the political independence stolen from them two thousand years ago. And if it is willed, it is no dream. We must establish agricultural settlements, factories, and industry. We must develop industry and put it into Jewish hands. And above all, we must give young people military training and provide them with weapons. Then will the glorious day come, as prophesied by Isaiah in his promise of the restoration of Israel. With their weapons in their hands, the Jews will declare that they are the masters of their ancient homeland."

[[This war declaration is the proof that racist Zionists only have war against the Arabs in their head. For this war against the Arabs there were "pioneers" needed. And "pioneers" were organized, the Arabs could read this and knew about this, and an eternal war should develop: these racist Zionist writings are the beginning of the Middle East Conflict...]]

[Bilu headquarters in Odessa - sailing route over the Black Sea to Palestine]

Eventually [[at the end]], headquarters were moved to Odessa, from where the pioneers intended to sail.

[[Odessa became the hot spot of Jewish emigration from eastern Europe until 1944]].

[Jewish national movement in Russia opposing Bilu - Bilu discussions about aliyah - looking for racist Zionist support against the Arabs - split into political Bilu groups - emigration Bilu groups]

The leaders of the [[racist Zionist]] Jewish national movement in Russia were generally opposed to the aliyah of the Bilu'im and urged them not to go. Among the Bilu'im themselves two trends emerged. One advocated immediate aliyah to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] in order to work there. The other contended that no practical settlement should be begun so long as Jews had no political guarantees from the Turks. The internal debate between the two trends in Bilu lasted for about two years, diminishing the strength of the group and hindering the first efforts of the group that went to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]].

At first the Bilu'im hoped to receive support from wealthy Russian Jews. Disappointed by their lack of interest, they turned to Laurence *Oliphant, then living in Constantinople and rumored to have close relations with the sultan's court. However, they discovered that Oliphant could give them no practical help, and again split into divergent groups. Some advocated continuing political activity in Constantinople to gain recognition from the Ottoman authorities, while the rest, led by Belkind, decided to go to Erez Israel immediately.

In Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [Land of Israel]

[The Shertok group - physical labor, meager wages, oppression by school director - Netter supporting the Bilu'im]

The first to arrive in the country was Ya'akov *Shertok (father of Moshe *Sharett), who preceded the first group of 14 Bilu'im by a few weeks. The group, led by Belkind, reached Jaffa on July 6, 1882. The day after their arrival they began work at the *Mikveh Israel agricultural school where they lived in a commune, (col. 1000)

the household being run by the only woman in the group. There they underwent great hardships, as they were unused to physical labor, received meager wages, and were subject to oppression by the director of the school. However, they found a great friend in Charles *Netter, the founder of Mikveh Israel [[congregation "The Hope of Israel]], who adopted a paternal attitude to to the Bilu'im, encouraged them, and openly identified himself with their aims.

[[It seems that Netter became the first great supporter of racist Zionists and their war goals against the Arabs in Palestine...]]

[Death of Netter - supporter Pines - artisan training in Jerusalem - work in Rishon le-Zion - workshop going down - dispersed members - Bilu settlement project - Bilu dying out]

With Netter's death that same year (1882), the Bilu'im were again without a patron, until Yehiel (Yeḥiel) *Pines, a writer and public figure, came to their assistance. Elected by the Bilu'im as their leader and guide, he transferred some of them from Mikveh Israel to Jerusalem to become artisans. The Bilu group in Jerusalem called itself "Shehu", the initial letters of Shivat he-Harash ve-ha-Masger ("Return of the Craftsman and the Smith", cf. II Kings 24:16), and they established a carpentry and woodcraft workshop. However, the scheme eventually failed because of lack of experience, and the Jerusalem members of Bilu dispersed elsewhere in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]].

In November 1882 some of the members of Bilu, under [[racist Zionist]] Belkind's leadership, moved to *Rishon le-Zion, working as hired laborers, sharecroppers, and manual laborers for the village council. Poor yields and difficult relationships between the settlers and hired laborers in the village were greatly disappointing, especially as the Bilu'im hoped to found their own settlement eventually. They continued their search for satisfactory work between Rishon le-Zion and Mikveh Israel. Even the Russian Hovevei (Ḥovevei) Zion disappointed them, for they failed to provide them with the means for settlement.

After a steady decline in their number abroad, the Bilu association in Russia died out. In June o f 1883, about a year after aliyah [[emigration to Palestine]], Bilu numbered 28 members in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]], of whom 13 were at Rishon le-Zion, seven at Mikveh Israel as hired laborers, and three in Jerusalem. They met on festivals and holidays, organizing a trip on Passover of 1884, together with Eliezer *Ben-Yehuda, speaking Hebrew among themselves and singing Hebrew songs.

[Political Bilu members migrating to Palestine in 1884 - dismissed from Mikveh Israel - emigration to criminal racist "USA"]

When the Bilu members who were in Constantinople realized that their political activities had failed, they also went to Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] (1884). However, their economic situation deteriorated steadily. They worked for a while as laborers at Mikveh Israel [[congregation "The Hope of Israel"]], but were soon dismissed [[maybe by racist Zionist reasons, or lack of experience]], and the director of the school even supplied them with means to emigrate to America.

[Racist Zionist Bilu leader Pines purchasing land from the Arab village Qatra - Bilu settlement Gederah since 1884]

At the very last moment, Pines succeeded in saving them by acquiring the land of the Arab village Qatra in the Judean foothills, an area of 3,300 dunams (c. 800 acres). Borrowing the money, Pines sent an envoy abroad to sell the land parcels to [[racist]] Zionist associations, on condition that each of them hand over their (col. 1001)

parcel to the Bilu'im. The Bilu settlement of *Gederah was thus founded, and the Bilu members who had worked at Mikveh Israel and Rishon le-Zion settled there in December of 1884. Although a few Bilu'im settled in Rishon le-Zion and elsewhere, Gederah became known historically as the Bilu settlement.

An estimated total of 53 Bilu members left Russia for Erez Israel [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] during the early 1880s. Some returned to Russia or went on to the [[criminal racist]] U.S., while others remained faithful to the ideal of settling Erez Israel, and some of them later became leaders in the public life of the country.

[[The reaction of the Arabs is not mentioned. The Arabs could read what were projects and plans of the Bilu "pioneers". Gederah was attacked by the Arabs in 1888. For the racist Zionist "movement" Gederah became the holiest settlement, the first racist Zionist "agricultural settlement" in Palestine. By this, Gederah became the initial point of Middle East Conflict]].

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Bilu, vol. 4, col.
                1001: [[Racist Zionist]] Bilu veterans at the 40th
                anniversary of the founding of Rishon le-Zion, 1922.
                Jerusalem, Central [[racist]] Zionist Archives.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Bilu, vol. 4, col. 1001: [[Racist Zionist]] Bilu veterans at the 40th anniversary
of the founding of Rishon le-Zion, 1922. Jerusalem, Central [[racist]] Zionist Archives.
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Bibliography

-- N. Sokolow: Hibbath Zion (Eng., 1935), ch. 42
-- idem: History of Zionism, 2 vols. (1919), index
-- B. Halpern: The Idea of the Jewish State (1961), 27, 131, 255
-- M. Meerovitch: Bi-Ymei Bilu (1942)
-- idem: Mi-Zikhronotav shel Aharon ha-bilu'im (1946)
-- A. Druyanow (ed.): Ketavim le-Toledot Hibbat Ziyyon, 3 vols. (1919-32), index
-- I. Klausner: Be-Hitorer Am (1962), index
-- S. Jawnieli (Yavnieli): Sefer ha-Ziyyonut, 2 vols. (1961)
-- Z.D. Levontin: Le-Erez Avoteinu (1950), passim.

[G.K.]> (col. 1002)


Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica
                      (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 998
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 998
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist
                        Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 999-1000
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 999-1000
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist
                        Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 1001-1002
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[racist Zionist]] Bilu, vol. 4, col. 1001-1002

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