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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Racist Zionist Jewish armed underground terror organization Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi (I.Z.L.) ("Irgun")

Racist Zionist Jewish terrorism in Palestine by Irgun (I.Z.L.): split of Haganah commanders with Betar members under Tehomi since 1931 - Irgun linked with radical racist Zionist Revisionists since 1937 under Jabotinsky - terror attacks, killed Arabs - WW II - terrorist leader Menahem Begin - more terror attacks, killed Arabs and killed British - smuggle of illegal immigrating Jews - robbery of arms - kidnapping and hanging - partition - propaganda map with occupied Transjordan - attack on Den Yasin - ship Altalena with new Irgun terrorists on board - forming the "national army" in Jerusalem since 1948

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun
                            Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1468: Wanted
                            racist Jewish Zionist terrorists of 1942
                            after an attack aimed at the heads of the
                            British secret police on 20 January 1942.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1468: Wanted racist Jewish Zionist terrorists of 1942 after an attack aimed at the heads of the British secret police on 20 January 1942.

"Wanted" poster issued by the [[racist British Empire]] Palestine Government offering rewards for information leading to the capture of leaders responsible for a joint I.Z.L. and Lehi (Leḥi) bombing in Tel Aviv on January 20, 1942, aimed at the heads of the secret police. Upper right is Abraham Stern (Ya'ir), commander of Lehi (Leḥi). Courtesy Jabotinsky Institute, Tel Aviv.

from: IRGUN ZEVA'I LE'UMMI; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)

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[[Introduction
Racist Zionist madness says that Jewry would be a "nation" which is never possible because Jewry is a religion. Add to this the Arabs were never asked if a "Jewish State" would be built. But many Jews believed the Jewish racist Zionists and warmongers, called "Zionists" with it's racist Herzl booklet "The Jewish State". Racist Jewish Zionist armed terror groups were fighting against the Arabs and the British at the same time. One of these Jewish Zionist armed terror groups was Irgun, setting up the Middle East Conflict...]]

[Foundation by split from Haganah and with members from Betar in 1931 - leader Avraham Tehomi]
<IRGUN ZEVA'I (ẒEVA'I) LE'UMMI (Heb. "National Military Organization" - I.Z.L., Ezel (Eẓel, or the Irgun), a Jewish underground armed organization founded in Jerusalem in the spring of 1931 by a group of *Haganah commanders, headed by Avraham Tehomi, who had left the Haganah in protest against its defensive character. Joining forces with a clandestine armed group of *Betar members from Tel Aviv, they formed a parallel, more activist defense organization.

[Split in 1937 - 3.000 members returning to racist Jewish Zionist Haganah - Irgun linking with radical Revisionist movement under Vladimir Jabotinsky - Jewish Zionist terror attacks by I.Z.L. and radical Revisionists against the Arabs - killed Arabs - smuggling of 1000s of illegal Jewish immigrants]

In April 1937, during the Arab riots, the organization split over the question of how to react against Arab (col. 1466)

terrorism, and about half its three thousand members returned to the Haganah, which was controlled by the *Jewish Agency. The rest formed a new Irgun Zeva'i (Ẓeva'i) Le'ummi, which was ideologically linked with the Revisionist movement and accepted the authority of its [[racist Jewish Zionist]] leader, Vladimir *Jabotinsky.

Rejecting the "restraint" (Heb. havlagah) policy of the Jewish Agency and the Haganah, the organization carried out armed reprisals against Arabs, which were condemned by the Jewish Agency as "blemishing the moral achievements of the Jews of Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]], hindering the political struggle, and undermining security."

Many members and sympathizers were arrested and one of them, Shelomo *Ben-Yosef, was hanged for shooting at an Arab bus, but I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) intensified its activities. It also cooperated with the Revisionist movement in "*illegal" immigration, succeeding in smuggling many thousands of Jews into Palestine.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i
                  Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1467: One of the ships of the Af
                  Al Pi convoy organized by the Irgun Zeva'i (Ẓeva'i)
                  Leummi, which brought illegal immigrants to Erez
                  (Ereẓ) Israel, June 1938. The ship sailed under the
                  Greek flag. Courtesy Haganah Historical Archives, Tel
                  Aviv.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1467: One of the ships of the Af Al Pi convoy organized by the Irgun Zeva'i (Ẓeva'i) Leummi, which brought illegal immigrants to Erez (Ereẓ) Israel, June 1938. The ship sailed under the Greek flag. Courtesy Haganah Historical Archives, Tel Aviv.

[Jewish Zionist terror attacks against the British - arrests - racist Jewish Revisionist commander Raziel arrested  - truce in June 1940 - split of new Jewish Zionist terror group "Lehi"]

After the publication of the *White Paper in May 1939, I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) directed its activities against the British Mandatory authorities, sabotaging government property and attacking security officers. The British retaliated with widespread arrests, and at the outbreak of World War II, when hundreds of Revisionists and members of I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) (including its commander David *Raziel and his staff commanders) were in prison, I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) declared a truce, which led to a second split (June 1940) and the formation of a new underground group (*Lohamei Herut Israel (Loḥamei Ḥerut Israel), or Lehi (Leḥi) led by Avraham *Stern.

[Jewish Zionist terror groups in WW II integrated in the Palestinian units and in the Jewish Brigade - collaboration with British Intelligence - Raziel falls - Begin successor]

I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) members contributed to the war effort against the Nazis [[and their collaborators]] by joining the British Army's Palestinian units and later the Jewish Brigade.

During a clandestine operation by an I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) unit, in cooperation with British Intelligence, against the pro-Nazi regime of Rashid Ali in Iraq, David Raziel fell at Habbaniya, near Baghdad, on May 20, 1941. Ya'akov *Meridor took command, and was succeeded in December 1943 by Menahem *Begin.

[Holocaust claims - Zionist Jewish IZL-war declaration against the British in 1944 against White Paper - IZL-attacks against British facilities - robbery of arms]

By this time, the full extent of the Holocaust in the Nazi-occupied territories had become known

[[there were racist Zionist claims against "the Germans" or "the Nazis" that 6 mio. Jews had died by cyclon B granulate, but the number is lower, there were many collaborators, and there are many other kinds of murders, deaths, and survivors and emigration, see Holocaust table]],

and in February 1944 I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) declared war against the British administration, which continued to implement the White Paper. It attacked and blew up government offices, several C.I.D. headquarters, and four police stations, also capturing weapons and ammunition.

[British deportation of racist Jewish Zionist terror organization I.Z.L.-members to Eritrea - Jewish Agency and Haganah against I.Z.L. - kidnapping actions - more attacks of racist Jewish Zionist terror organization I.Z.L.]

The British authorities made many arrests, and 251 prisoners (including Lehi (Leḥi) members) were deported to Eritrea on Oct. 20, 1944. No organized reaction to the deportation was possible because of the repercussions following the assassination of Lord *Moyne by [[racist Jewish Zionist armed terror organization]] Lehi (Leḥi) in Cairo (Nov. 6, 1944).

The Jewish Agency and the Haganah moved against the I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) in a campaign nicknamed by the underground the sezon ("hunting season"), during which (col. 1467)

some if I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.)'s members (including several leaders) were kidnapped and handed over to the British authorities. The sezon limited the scope of I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.)'s activities, but did not halt them; after the war it began attacking military installations, bridges, and the vital Kirkuk-Haifa oil pipeline (May 25, 1945).

[[There is no indication if racist Jewish Zionist terrorist leader of I.Z.L., Menahem Begin, was kidnapped or was leading more attacks after 1944]].

[More attacks of racist Jewish Zionist armed terror groups 1945-1947: Haganah, I.Z.L, and Lehi together - destructions and robbery of arms by racist Jewish Zionist armed terror group I.Z.L.]

When the British Labor government's anti-Zionist policy disappointed [[racist Zionist]] post-war hopes, Haganah, I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.), and Lehi (Leḥi) [[racist Jewish Zionist armed terror organizations]] formed a united front, sabotaging bridges, railways, and patrol boats. I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) again attacked C.I.D. and police stations, as well as seven army camps, gaining control of their ammunition stores, and damaged planes at two military airfields. The I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) attacks culminated in blowing up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the Palestine government and the military command, on July 22, 1946.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i
                  Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1469: Searching the wreckage at
                  the King David Hotel, Jerusalem, after the I.Z.L. bomb
                  explosion on July 22, 1946. Courtesy Haganah
                  Historical Archives, Tel Aviv.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1469: Searching the wreckage at the King David Hotel,
Jerusalem, after the I.Z.L. bomb explosion on July 22, 1946. Courtesy Haganah Historical Archives, Tel Aviv.

[Jewish Agency leaders arrested - more attacks by I.Z.L. and Lehi - British repression by more troops and more punishments - hangings - more Jewish Zionist murder attacks - more hangings - suicides]

The united fighting front disintegrated in August 1946, after the arrest of the Jewish Agency leaders, but I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) and Lehi (Leḥi) continued their attacks on military and governmental objectives. The British increased their military strength to a hundred thousand men and reacted with increased ferocity: curfews, arrests, deportations, floggings, and hangings. I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) reacted by flogging British officers and kidnapping hostages. It also extended its activities abroad, the most striking act being the bombing of the British embassy in Rome on Oct. 31, 1946. Four members of I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) - Dov Gruner, Yehiel (Yeḥiel) Drezner, Mordekhai Alkahi (Alkaḥi), and Eliezer Kashani - were hanged in Acre prison on April 16, 1947, and another two - Meir Feinstein and the Lehi (Leḥi) member Moshe Barazani - who were due to be hanged in Jerusalem, blew themselves up in the condemned cell on April 27 [[1947]]. (col. 1468)

[Jewish Zionist terror group I.Z.L. liberating 41 Jewish Zionist terror criminals - British in "security zones" in "a state of siege" - 3 I.Z.L. members hanged - 2 British hanged]

I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) broke into the fortress at Acre on May 4 [[1947]], and freed 41 I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) and Lehi (Leḥi) prisoners. Under the pressure of the continual attacks, the British retreated to security zones where they lived in a state of siege. When three other I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) members, Meir Nakar, Ya'akov Weiss, and Avshalom Haviv (Ḥaviv), were condemned to death by the British, I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) kidnapped two British sergeants and hanged them in July, when the three were executed.

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i
                  Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1469: Acre prison, scene of the
                  escape of 41 I.Z.L. and Lehi prisoners, May 1947.
                  Courtesy Haganah Historical Archives, Tel Aviv.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1469: Acre prison, scene of the escape of 41 I.Z.L.
and Lehi prisoners, May 1947. Courtesy Haganah Historical Archives, Tel Aviv.

[I.Z.L. propaganda in the "USA" - clandestine radio station - newspapers and leaflets - fighting symbol with occupied Transjordan as "Israel"]

The I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) revolt was given wide publicity in the [[criminal racist]] United States, where the Hebrew Committee for National Liberation, led by Peter Bergson (see Hillel *Kook), was established.

[[This "national liberation" is impossible because Jewry is not a nation - but it is a religion. This fault never was discussed...]]

In Palestine publicity was conducted through a clandestine radio station, newspapers, and leaflets bearing the I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) emblem, a hand holding a rifle on the background of a map of Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] including Transjordan.

[Partition plans: Collaboration of I.Z.L. with the British against Arab attacks - I.Z.L. attacks against British camps and more robbery of arms - Jaffa occupied by Jewish terror forces on 28 April 1948]

After the United Nations resolution of November 29, 1947, on the partition of Palestine, I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) gradually came out of hiding, helped to repulse the Arab attacks, and continued to attack British army camps in order to capture weapons.

On April 28, 1948, it began a large scale attack on Arab Jaffa: the capture of the town was completed by the Haganah.

[[Arab and British victims of the Jewish Zionist armed terror organization I.Z.L. are not precisely indicated...]]

[I.Z.L. independent terror activities after "Declaration of Independence" against the Arabs - attack on Deir Yasin provoking panic in the Arab population]

After the Declaration of Independence,

[[An "independence" of a religion is not possible, but the racist Zionist madness is going on...]]

the high command of I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) offered to disband the organization and integrate its members into the army of the new Jewish state, but, until integration was achieved, it acted independently in various sectors, particularly in Jerusalem, where its activities were loosely coordinated with the Haganah. Its attack on the Arab village of Den Yasin [[on 9 April 1948]] near Jerusalem [[today north west Jerusalem]], which caused many civilian casualties and led to panic among the Arabs, was denounced by he Jewish Agency.

[[The Arab mass flight after this racist Jewish Zionist attack is not mentioned in the article, and most Palestinians of the mass flight are not allowed to come back until today (2008)...]]

[Clandestine Jewish Zionist terror ship "Altalena" of I.Z.L. with new arms and troops in June 1948 - terror organization I.Z.L. in Jerusalem forming the "national army"]

On June 20 [[1948]], during the first Arab-Israel cease fire, an I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) (col. 1469)

ship Altalena [[the name Altalena is the pseudonym for the racist Jewish Zionist leader Vladimir Jabotinsky]] clandestinely reached the shores of [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel [[the port of Kfar Vitkin, in coordination between racist Jewish Zionist Irgun leader Menahem Begin with the racist Zionist Ben-Gurion government]], carrying a large quantity of weapons and ammunition and about eight hundred young people [[Irgun terrorists]], some of whom had received military training. During negotiations with the newly established provisional [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] government of Israel [[Ben-Gurion]], I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) demanded 20% of the arms for the use of its units in Jerusalem. I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) [[under racist Jewish Zionist terrorist leader Menahem Begin]] rejected a government ultimatum [[by racist Jewish Zionist president Ben-Gurion]] to hand over the ship, and [[when the ship went to Tel Aviv and]] when it appeared off the shore of Tel Aviv it was blown up by Israel artillery [[and all surviving Irgun terrorists had to give up]].

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i
                  Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1470: The Altalena burning off
                  the Tel Aviv shore, June 1948. Courtesy Government
                  Press Office, Tel Aviv
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Irgun Zeva'i Le'Ummi, vol. 8, col. 1470: The Altalena burning off the
Tel Aviv shore, June 1948. Courtesy Government Press Office, Tel Aviv

[Integration of the terrorist Irgun in the racist Jewish Zionist "national army"]

The Jerusalem units of I.Z.L. (I.Ẓ.L.) fought in most sectors of the city and formed the national army on Sept. 21, 1948, on the orders of the provisional [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] government.

[[The perversity that Jewry should be a "nation" was coronated now by an own "national army", and the racist Zionist madness is going on with an "own army"...]]

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Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8,
                    col. 1466
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8, col. 1466
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8,
                    col. 1467-1468
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8, col. 1467-1468
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8,
                    col. 1469-1470
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 8, col. 1469-1470

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