Racist Zionist organization in Austria (Österreich)
Racist Herzl in Vienna - Jewish refugees in WWI - strong anti-Zionists since 1919 in the Social-Democratic Party - emigration wave 1938-1939 - strong anti-Zionists since 1945
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Racist]] Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1106: Members of the Vienna students' [[racist]] Zionist association, Bar Kochba, 1905. Courtesy Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem.
from: Zionism; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 16
presented by Michael Palomino (2008)
[Racist Zionism in Vienna]
Austria, as referred to in this article, is understood as the territory of the Austrian Federal Republic as it existed from 1918 to 1938 and again from 1945. The history of [[racist]] Austrian Zionism, in this territorial sense, is almost identical with that of Vienna, where more than 90% of Austrian Jews were concentrated.
Vienna, then the capital of the Hapsburg monarchy with a Jewish population of about two million, had been one of the centers of the nascent Jewish national movement even before (col. 1106)
[Racist Herzl and his racist booklet "The Jewish State" - anti-Zionist resistance of bourgeois Jews - Vienna as racist Zionist center under Herzl]
Herzl's appearance on the stage of history. Several Jewish national student associations existed, the most notable being Kadimah (founded in 1883). Even the name Zionism was coined in Vienna by Nathan Birnbaum, the most prominent ideologist of these early Zionists. When [[racist]] Herzl published [[the racist booklet]] Der Judenstaat [["The Jewish State", word for word: "The Jew State"]], he found enthusiastic [[racist]] followers among these forerunners of [[racist]] political Zionism and many other young Jews, particularly students, but met stiff opposition in the Jewish liberal bourgeoisie and the Jewish community establishment. Since Herzl was a resident of Vienna, that city was during his lifetime the capital of [[racist]] Zionism, i.e., the seat of the [[racist]] Zionist Executive (the Inner Actions Committee), the central [[racist]] Zionist organ Die Welt [[The World]], and the Jewish National Fund. [[Racist]] Viennese Zionists like Johann *Kremenetzky, M. Schnirer, Alexander *Marmorek, and Oser Kokesch occupied key position in the Inner Actions Committee. It was also in Vienna that the first [[racist]] Zionist-Socialist movement, Ahva (Aḥva), emerged in 1898, upon the initiative of Saul Raphael *Landau.
[[Herzl's racist booklet "The Jewish State" stated to drive the Arabs away as the natives in the "USA" had been driven away, and the Arabs should be enslaved. The booklet provoked the first great Arab reactions with founding of newspapers against the racist Zionist madness. But the Arabs were never asked: For the racist Jewish Zionists, the Arabs did not count - as for the racist whites in the criminal racist "USA" - the natives did never count...]]
[Racist Zionist leaders after Herzl: Boehm, Stricker, Ehrlich - Jewish refugees during WWI]
After Herzl's death, Vienna lost its central position in the [[racist]] Zionist world movement, the central institutions having been transferred to Cologne [[seat of the next racist Zionist president Wolffsohn]], but [[racist]] Zionism remained a vibrant movement in Austria, albeit with a change of emphasis and leadership. The trend was now on practical [[racist]] Zionism, both in respect to settlement work in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] and in Jewish national politics in the Diaspora ("Work in the present"), greatly invigorated after the introduction of universal suffrage in 1907.
The leaders of the movement in the period prior to World War I were Adolf *Boehm, Robert *Stricker, and Jacob Ehrlich. In 1909, 25 [[racist]] Zionist societies existed in Austria, mostly in Vienna, organized in the Zionistischer Landesverband [[Zionist National Society]]. The 11th [[racist]] Zionist Congress (1913) was held in Vienna. The great influx of refugees form Galicia during World War I and the obvious victory of the principle of national self-determination at the end of the war further strengthened the [[racist]] Zionist movement.
[[The racist Zionist madness that Jewry should be a "nation" brought all Jews against all other nations - but the racist Zionist madness was not stopped...]]
["Jewish National Council" since 1919 - strong anti-Zionists in the Social-Democratic Party]
After the dismemberment of the multi-national Hapsburg monarchy and the establishment of the Austrian Republic, a Jewish National Council was established on Zionist initiative. In the first elections Robert Stricker was elected on a [[racist]] Zionist ticket to parliament and three [[racist]] Zionists to the city council of Vienna. But after some time there was a sharp decline in the [[racist]] Zionist following, mainly due to the attraction of the Social-Democratic Party, which had many Jewish leaders, almost all of them assimilationists and opponents of [[racist]] Zionism. Even in that period of decline there was, however, a bustling and very diversified [[racist]] Zionist activity going on. There were scores of [[racist]] Zionist associations, parties, youth movements, cultural clubs, sports associations, etc. Vienna was the most important transit place for immigrants to Palestine and, therefore, an important meeting place. Upon the initiative of Rabbi Zevi Perez *Chajes (Ẓevi Pereẓ Chajes), who had been appointed chief rabbi of Vienna in 1918, a Hebrew teachers' seminary has been established, as well as a secondary school, bearing (after Chajes' death) his name.
[Racist Zionist daily in Vienna: Wiener Morgenzeitung - racist Zionist imperialism for "conquest of the communities" - about 50% of the Jews emigrating 1938-1939]
From 1918 until 1927 a [[racist]] Zionist daily, the Wiener Morgenzeitung [[Vienna Morning]], appeared, as well as several weeklies. In 1925 the 14th [[racist]] Zionist Congress assembled in Vienna. In 1932 the [[racist]] Zionists succeeded in realizing Herzl's slogan of the "conquest of the communities", gaining 20 out of 36 seats in the Jewish community council. Desider *Friedmann was elected president of the community. [[Racist]] Zionists stood, therefore, at the helm of Austrian Jewry when the catastrophe befell them in 1938. From the Nazi conquest in March (col. 1107)
1938 until the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, about one-half of Austrian Jewry succeeded in leaving the country, many of them for Palestine, mostly by "illegal" routes. Almost all of the remaining Jews fell victim of the Holocaust; among them were prominent leaders of Austrian [[racist]] Zionists, like Desider Friedmann, Robert Stricker, and many others.
[[The Arabs were never asked about founding of a "Jewish State"...]]
[Strong anti-Zionism after the War in Vienna since 1945]
After World War II Austria was the scene of great [[racist]] Zionist activity, being located on the main route of the *Berihah (Beriḥah) and harboring in its confines many camps of Jewish D.P.s [[see: *Vienna 1945-1970]].
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): [[Racist]] Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1107: [[Jewish]] Youngsters
from [[racist Zionist]] berihah transit camps in Vienna dance the "horah" before
leaving for Erez Israel,1946. Courtesy Ephraim Deckel, Tel Aviv
In the small reconstituted Jewish community of Vienna a diversified [[racist]] Zionist activity started, all [[racist]] Zionist parties reemerged, but for most of the postwar period the [[racist]] Zionists constituted a minority of the community, while the majority supported the non-Zionist, albeit not anti-Israel, Social-Democratic Bund werktaetiger Juden [[Social Democratic Union of Working Jews]].
[A.Z. / CH.Y.]> (col. 1108)
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1105-1106
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): Zionism, vol. 16, col. 1107-1108
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